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#MD380 USB Tools
by Travis Goodspeed, KK4VCZ
To support users by using the md380tools or the resulting patched firmware a Google Group is public opened and reachable via https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/md380tools. No extra registration should be necessary. You could also feed it via e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org. So feel free to put in your questions into it!
A few of us are also on the #md380 IRC channel on Freenode.
This repository contains tools for working with codeplugs and firmware of the Tytera MD380, which is also sold under a variety of different brand names. The codeplug format is sufficiently similar to the radios from Connect Systems (CS700, etc) that these tools might someday be made compatible.
md380-dfureads and writes MD380 codeplugs and firmware.
md380-toolcommunicates with the patched firmware. (Fancy stuff!)
stm32-dfumodifies firmware for jailbroken devices. (No longer required.)
md380-fwwraps and unwraps devices firmware.
md380-gfxmodifies firmware graphics.
The patched firmware is known to work on the following devices:
The "D"-Version (NoGPS) for radios without GPS
- Tytera/TYT MD380
- Tytera/TYT MD390
- Retevis RT3
The "S"-Version (GPS) for radios with GPS
- Tytera/TYT MD380
- Tytera/TYT MD390
- Retevis RT8
Both types of vocoder (old and new vocoder radios) are supported.
The DMR MARC user's database required a 16 MByte SPI Flash memory chip. In some VHF Radios is only an 1 MByte SPI Flash installed.
|Name||vocoder||GPS||exp FW||original FW|
- RT3 = MD-380 (old)
- RT8 = MD-390G
###The md380tools have D13.020 as basic now.###
These tools are all wrapped into
Makefile, which will download the
official firmware, patch and flash it. Run
make flash after booting
into the recovery bootloader by holding PTT and the button just above
it during power-on. Once device has been powered on, run
to write the DMR MARC user's database to SPI Flash memory. This works only
with Radios that have 16 MByte SPI Flash memory chip installed.
The majority of this software is licensed in exchange for two liters of India Pale Ale, to be delivered at a neighborly bar, preferably one without a god-damned squary-stary-box.
The DFU tools are GPL licensed, forked from old examples in the Ubertooth Project. If you want md380-dfu or stm32-dfu under different terms, you should probably discuss it with the Great Scott Gadgets folks over some beer.
Tytera's firmware is of unknown license and is not included in this repository. We use a heap-less printf library under the BSD license.
The MD380 uses a custom variant of DFU that isn't quite compatible with the spec. Their code seems to be forked from an STMicro example for the STM32 chip.
Universal Serial Bus Device Class Specification for Device Firmware Upgrade, version 1.1: http://www.usb.org/developers/docs/devclass_docs/DFU_1.1.pdf
Python 2.7 or newer: http://www.python.org
PyUSB 1.0: (0.4 does not work.) http://sourceforge.net/apps/mediawiki/pyusb/
libusb 1.0: (0.4 does not work.) http://www.libusb.org/
This project should work across Linux, Mac OS, and Windows, but has not been tested on all platforms. A separate client, MD380Tool, is under development for Android.
###Preparation of build environment###
###Additional steps for linux based installations###
git clone https://github.com/travisgoodspeed/md380tools.git cd md380tools sudo cp 99-md380.rules /etc/udev/rules.d/
(The 99-md380.rules file is copied to /etc/udev/rules.d/ in order to allow users to access the radio over USB without having to use sudo or root permissions.)
###Flash updated firmware for linux based installations###
Turn on radio in DFU mode to begin firmware update with USB cable:
- insert cable into USB.
- connect cable to MD380.
- power-on MD380 by turning volume knob, while holding PTT button and button above PTT.
For non-GPS-models do:
git pull make flash
For GPS-models do:
git pull make flash_S13
###Flash updated users database for linux based installations###
Turn radio normally on to begin database loading with USB cable
For European users:
make updatedb_eur flashdb
Note: for European users it is probably illegal to use the other method for updating, due to privacy laws. (this is not legal advice, please consult your lawyer to be sure).
For the rest of the world:
make updatedb flashdb
(The users.csv file located in the db directory must be refreshed this way, with "make updatedb", otherwise it will continue using any already-existing users.csv file when running "make flashdb" )
md380-tool requires a recent version of our patched
firmware. You can check your version in Menu/Utilities/Radio
Info/Version. If it's a recent date you're good; if it's a number,
you need to upgrade.
To dump the recent dmesg log:
This archive does not ship with firmware. Instead it grabs firmware from the Internet, decrypts it, and applies patches to that revision.
You can reproduce the patched firmware with
make clean dist after
installing an arm-none-eabi cross compiler toolchain. The firmware
and a Windows flashing tool will then appear in
md380tools-yyyy-mm-dd. Alternately, you can flash them from Linux
make clean flash, after starting the recovery bootloader by
holding PTT and the button above it during a radio reboot.
##Windows Firmware Installation##
You can install any of these patched firmware files into your MD380 by using the respective .bin file with the Tytera Windows firmware upgrade tool, "upgrade.exe", available inside their firmware upgrade downloads. Here are the steps:
- Turn off your MD380 using the volume knob.
- Attach the Tytera USB cable to the SP and MIC ports of your MD380.
- Attach the Tytera USB cable to your host computer.
- Hold down the PTT and the button above the PTT button (not the button with the "M" on it).
- Turn on your MD380 using the volume knob.
- Release the buttons on the radio.
- The status LED should be on and alternating between red and green, indicating you're in flash upgrade mode.
- Start the Tytera "Upgrade.exe" program.
- Click "Open Update File" and choose one of the .bin files produced from the process above.
- Click "Download Update File" and wait for the flash update process to finish. It takes less than a minute.
- Turn off your MD380 using the volume knob.
- Disconnect the USB cable from your MD380 and host computer.
- Turn the MD380 back on, and you should see the "PoC||GTFO" welcome screen. You're running patched firmware!
Also included is a partial driver for the MD380 in Chirp. This driver doesn't yet support the essential DMR features, but it does handle analog channels and banks well enough to load analog repeaters into your radio.
This driver can't yet communicate with the radio, so use
md380-dfu read foo.img to read an image out of the radio, then open it in Chirp
chirp/md380.py as a driver. Once you've made your
changes, you can load the image back in by running
md380-dfu write foo.img.
- Jailbreaking the MD380, PoC||GTFO 10:8 (pocorgtfo10.pdf page 76.) by Travis Goodspeed
- Running AMBE Firmware in Linux, PcC||GTFO 13:5 (pocorgtfo13.pdf page 38.) by Travis Goodspeed
Pat Hickey has some notes and tools up in his own repository, https://github.com/pchickey/md380-re
Temponary not avaible, see https://github.com/travisgoodspeed/md380tools/issues/221
Image editors like GIMP will discard the original comments, but you can replace them by opening the file in a text editor and copy-pasting the comment lines from the original extracted file to your custom image.
There are several boot logos provided that you can choose from by editing
patches/2.032/Makefile, and commenting/uncommenting as you see fit.
The original boot logo is 160x40 pixels, and only 2 colors. This means an image that has the same properties can be written into the firmware as a direct replacement, as seen in the Makefile.
An image with more than two colors requires the "relocate" argument to
md380-gfx. There are examples of this in the Makefile as well.